How to Change Page Orientation in Excel: Methods, Pros, and Cons

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Microsoft Excel is a powerful spreadsheet application that offers various tools and features to help users organize and analyze data. One essential aspect of working with Excel is formatting, and changing the page orientation is a common requirement. Page orientation refers to the layout of a printed or displayed page, and Excel allows users to switch between portrait and landscape orientations.

In this guide, we will explore the different methods to understand how to change page orientation in Excel, along with their pros and cons.

Methods to Change Page Orientation in Excel:

  1. Page Layout Tab:

The most straightforward method to change page orientation is through the Page Layout tab. Here’s how to do it:

  • Open your Excel workbook.
  • Navigate to the “Page Layout” tab on the Ribbon.
  • Look for the “Orientation” group.
  • Click on the “Orientation” button, and choose either “Portrait” or “Landscape” from the drop-down menu.


  • Quick and easy access from the Ribbon.
  • Suitable for users who prefer a graphical interface.


  • Limited flexibility compared to other methods.
  1. Page Setup Dialog Box:

Another method involves using the Page Setup dialog box:

  • Click on the “File” tab and select “Print” or press Ctrl + P.
  • In the Print menu, click on “Page Setup” or “Page Setup Options.”
  • In the Page Setup dialog box, go to the “Page” tab.
  • Under the “Orientation” section, choose either “Portrait” or “Landscape.”


  • Provides additional formatting options in the same dialog box.
  • Allows users to set other printing parameters.


  • Requires a few more clicks compared to the Page Layout tab.
  1. Using Page Break Preview:

Page Break Preview is a feature that allows users to see how the data is distributed across pages. You can change the page orientation directly from this view:

  • Click on the “View” tab.
  • Select “Page Break Preview.”
  • Hover over the edge of the page until the pointer becomes a double-headed arrow.
  • Right-click and choose “Page Setup.”
  • In the Page Setup dialog box, switch to the “Page” tab and select the desired orientation.


  • Visual representation of page breaks.
  • Seamless integration with page setup options.


  • May not be as intuitive for users who are not familiar with Page Break Preview.
  1. Using VBA (Visual Basic for Applications):

Advanced users or those automating Excel tasks can use VBA to change page orientation programmatically. Here’s a simple VBA code snippet:


  • Automation for repetitive tasks.
  • Highly customizable for specific needs.


  • Requires some programming knowledge.
  • Not recommended for users who are not comfortable with coding.

Pros and Cons of Changing Page Orientation:


  1. Optimal Use of Space:

    • Portrait: Suitable for documents with more rows than columns.
    • Landscape: Ideal for wide datasets with more columns than rows.
  2. Enhanced Readability:

    • Choosing the right orientation can improve the readability of the printed or displayed data.
  3. Professional Presentation:

    • Adjusting page orientation contributes to a polished and professional appearance of reports and presentations.
  4. Customization:

    • Users have the flexibility to tailor the page orientation based on the content and purpose of the spreadsheet.


  1. Potential for Format Adjustments:

    • Changing orientation may require adjusting cell sizes, fonts, and other formatting elements to maintain the document’s visual appeal.
  2. Printing Considerations:

    • Landscape orientation might result in wider documents that may not fit standard paper sizes when printing.
  3. Compatibility Issues:

    • If sharing the document with others, especially those using different software versions, there may be compatibility issues related to the chosen orientation.
  4. Learning Curve:

    • Users unfamiliar with Excel’s formatting features may find it challenging to navigate and make adjustments.

In conclusion, knowing how to change page orientation in Excel is a simple yet crucial aspect of formatting. The method you choose depends on your preference, the complexity of your spreadsheet, and your familiarity with Excel’s features. Understanding the pros and cons of each method allows users to make informed decisions when presenting and sharing their data.

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