# How to Stop Excel from Rounding: A Comprehensive Guide

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Microsoft Excel is a powerful tool for data analysis, but it can be a bit frustrating when it automatically rounds numbers. Excel’s rounding behavior can sometimes lead to inaccurate calculations and compromise the integrity of your data.

Fortunately, there are several methods of how to stop Excel from rounding your numbers. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various approaches to maintain precision in your Excel spreadsheets and ensure that your data remains intact.

## Why Does Excel Round Numbers?

Before we dig into the methods to stop Excel from rounding, let’s understand why Excel rounds numbers in the first place. Excel rounds numbers for display purposes. When you enter a number with more decimal places than what Excel is configured to display, it rounds the number to the specified number of decimal places to make the data easier to read.

However, this rounding is only for display; it does not affect the underlying value of the number. The actual value remains precise, and Excel only changes how it’s shown on the screen.

### Method 1: Adjust Cell Formatting

The most straightforward method to prevent Excel from rounding numbers is to adjust the cell formatting. Here’s how to do it:

1. Select the cell or range of cells containing the numbers you want to format.

2. Right-click on the selected cells and choose “Format Cells” from the context menu.

3. In the “Format Cells” dialog box, go to the “Number” tab.

4. Under the “Category” list, select “Number.”

5. In the “Decimal places” field, enter the number of decimal places you want to display without rounding.

6. Click “OK.”

This method allows you to control the display of numbers without altering their actual values. It is especially useful when you want to present data with more precision while keeping the underlying values intact.

### Method 2: Use the TEXT Function

The TEXT function in Excel enables you to display numbers with specific formatting without changing their values. Here’s how to use it:

1. In an empty cell, enter a formula like this: =TEXT(A1, “0.00”)
2. Replace “A1” with the reference to the cell that contains the number you want to format.
3. Adjust the “0.00” format code to specify the desired number of decimal places.
4. Press “Enter.”

This method is useful when you need to display numbers in a specific format but preserve their actual values for calculations.

### Method 3: Adjust Workbook Options

Excel has workbook-level options that allow you to control how it handles precision. To access these options:

1. Click on “File” in the Excel ribbon.
2. Select “Options” at the bottom of the left sidebar.
3. In the Excel Options dialog, go to the “Advanced” section.
4. Scroll down to the “When calculating this workbook” section.
5. Check the “Set precision as displayed” option.
6. Click “OK” to save the changes.

Enabling this option ensures that Excel performs calculations using the displayed values rather than the underlying precision. Be cautious when using this option, as it may affect the accuracy of your calculations.

### Method 4: Use the ROUND Function

If you want to round numbers to a specific number of decimal places while maintaining control over the rounding process, you can use the ROUND function. Here’s how:

1. In an empty cell, enter a formula like this: =ROUND(A1, 2)
2. Replace “A1” with the reference to the cell containing the number you want to round.
3. Adjust the “2” to specify the desired number of decimal places.
4. Press “Enter.”

The ROUND function allows you to round numbers exactly as you want while keeping the original value intact.

### Method 5: Set the Precision As You Enter Data

You can also prevent Excel from rounding numbers as you enter them. To do this:

1. Click on the “File” tab in the Excel ribbon.
2. Select “Options” at the bottom of the left sidebar.
3. In the Excel Options dialog, go to the “Advanced” section.
4. Under the “Editing options” section, uncheck the “Automatically insert a decimal point” and “Automatically insert a decimal point” options.
5. Click “OK” to save the changes.

This method is particularly useful when you want to control the precision of your data at the input stage.

### Method 6: Use Custom Number Formatting

Custom number formatting allows you to apply your own rules for displaying numbers. Here’s how to use it:

1. Select the cell or range of cells containing the numbers you want to format.
2. Right-click on the selected cells and choose “Format Cells” from the context menu.
3. In the “Format Cells” dialog box, go to the “Number” tab.
4. Under the “Category” list, select “Custom.”
5. In the “Type” field, enter a custom number format. For example, to display numbers with three decimal places, you can use “0.000”.
6. Click “OK.”

Custom number formatting gives you full control over how numbers are displayed in your Excel spreadsheet.

### Method 7: Adjust Excel’s Precision Options

Excel provides a set of precision options that can be modified to control rounding behavior. Here’s how to adjust these options:

1. Click on the “File” tab in the Excel ribbon.
2. Select “Options” at the bottom of the left sidebar.
3. In the Excel Options dialog, go to the “Advanced” section.
4. Scroll down to the “When calculating this workbook” section.
5. Click “Set precision as displayed.”
6. Below that, you can adjust the “Set precision as displayed” options according to your needs. These options allow you to specify the number of decimal places and significant digits.
7. Click “OK” to save the changes.

By adjusting these options, you can have more control over how Excel rounds and displays numbers in your workbook.

### Method 8: Use the Precision As-Displayed Option in Excel 2019 and Later

If you’re using Excel 2019 or a later version, you have access to a feature called “Precision As-Displayed.” This option allows you to control how Excel handles precision without altering the underlying values of your data.

1. Click on the “File” tab in the Excel ribbon.
2. Select “Options” at the bottom of the left sidebar.
3. In the Excel Options dialog, go to the “Advanced” section.
4. Scroll down to the “Editing options” section.
5. Check the “Precision As Displayed” option.
6. Click “OK” to save the changes.

This feature ensures that Excel performs calculations using the displayed values while maintaining the original precision.

## Conclusion

Excel’s default rounding behavior can be both a blessing and a curse, depending on your needs. While it may make your data more readable, it can also lead to unintended inaccuracies in your calculations.

This comprehensive guide has explored various methods of how to stop Excel from rounding numbers. Whether you prefer to adjust cell formatting, use functions, modify workbook options, or leverage custom formatting, you now have the tools and knowledge to maintain control over your data’s precision.

Choose the method that best suits your specific needs and enjoy more accurate and precise calculations in Excel. Remember to be mindful of the potential impact on calculations when changing precision settings, and always make sure your data integrity is preserved.