How to Swap 2 Rows In Excel

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How to Swap 2 Rows In Excel

Swapping rows in Excel can be a crucial task for various reasons, such as reordering data for better readability, correcting mistakes, or organizing information in a more logical sequence.Excel provides several methods to accomplish this, including using drag-and-drop, cut-and-paste, or more advanced techniques involving VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) scripting.In this detailed article, we will explore the methods of how to swap 2 rows in excel step by step, ensuring that you can efficiently swap two rows in your Excel worksheet.

Significance of Swapping Rows in Excel

Understanding how to swap rows in Excel is important for several reasons:

  1. Data Organization:

Ensuring data is in the correct order can improve readability and data analysis.

  1. Correcting Errors:

Mistakes in data entry or sorting can be corrected by swapping rows.

  1. Improving Workflow:

Streamlining your workflow by quickly reordering rows without re-entering data.

Methods to Swap Two Rows in Excel

Method 1: Drag-and-Drop

One of the simplest methods to swap rows in Excel is by using the drag-and-drop feature.


  1. Select the Row:

   Click on the row number to select the entire row you want to move.

  1. Drag the Row:

   Move your cursor to the border of the selected row until it changes to a four-sided arrow cursor.

  1. Drag to New Location:

   Click and hold the left mouse button, then drag the row to the desired new location.

   A faint line will appear indicating where the row will be placed.

  1. Drop the Row:

   Release the mouse button to drop the row in its new position.

This method is intuitive and works well for small datasets. However, it might be cumbersome for large datasets or when precise control is required.

Method 2: Cut and Paste

Using the cut-and-paste method provides more control and can be used for larger datasets.


  1. Select and Cut the First Row:

   Click on the row number to select the entire row.

   Right-click and select “Cut” or press `Ctrl + X`.

  1. Select the Target Row:

   Click on the row number where you want to move the cut row.

   Right-click and select “Insert Cut Cells”.

  1. Cut and Insert the Second Row:

   Now, select the row that you want to swap with the first row.

   Right-click and select “Cut” or press `Ctrl + X`.

   Click on the row number where the first row was originally located.

   Right-click and select “Insert Cut Cells”.

This method ensures that the data in the rows remains intact and is accurately swapped.

Method 3: Using VBA (Visual Basic for Applications)

For users comfortable with coding, VBA offers a powerful way to swap rows, especially useful for repetitive tasks.


  1. Open VBA Editor:

   Press `Alt + F11` to open the VBA editor.

  1. Insert a New Module:

   In the editor, go to `Insert` > `Module` to create a new module.

  1. Write the VBA Code:

   Enter the following code to swap two rows (for example, rows 2 and 5):

  1. Run the Macro:

   Close the VBA editor and return to Excel.

   Press `Alt + F8` to open the “Macro” dialog box.

   Select `SwapRows` and click “Run”.

This method is efficient for swapping rows in large datasets or when automating the task in repetitive processes.

Method 4: Using Helper Columns

A more manual but effective approach involves using helper columns.


  1. Insert a Helper Column:

   Insert a new column next to your data.

  1. Number the Rows:

   Fill the helper column with sequential numbers corresponding to each row.

  1. Sort Data:

   Select the entire dataset, including the helper column.

   Go to `Data` > `Sort`.

   Sort by the helper column in ascending order.

  1. Swap the Numbers:

   Manually change the numbers in the helper column for the rows you want to swap.

   For example, if swapping row 2 and row 5, change the number 2 to 5 and 5 to 2.

  1. Sort Again:

   Select the dataset again and sort by the helper column.

   The rows will be swapped according to the new order in the helper column.

  1. Remove the Helper Column:

   Delete the helper column after the rows are swapped.

This method is useful for users who prefer a more visual approach and can handle more complex swapping operations.

Method 5: Using Formulas and Pivot Tables

For more advanced users, formulas and pivot tables can provide dynamic solutions to swap rows.


  1. Use INDEX and MATCH Functions:

   Create a new table where you use the `INDEX` and `MATCH` functions to dynamically reference rows based on a swap logic.

  1. Create a Pivot Table:

   Use a pivot table to rearrange data dynamically based on row swapping criteria.

These methods can be tailored to specific needs and provide robust solutions for complex datasets.


  • Swapping rows in Excel can be done through various methods, each with its own advantages and suited for different situations.
  • Whether you prefer the simplicity of drag-and-drop, the control of cut-and-paste, the automation of VBA, or the flexibility of helper columns and formulas, Excel provides the tools to manage and manipulate your data effectively.
  • By mastering these techniques of how to swap 2 rows in excel, you can ensure your data is always organized correctly, improving both the readability and the accuracy of your work.

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